By the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, Dachau, alongside Worpswede, was one of Europe's most important artists' villages. At that time it was said that every tenth person in Dachau was an artist and this included famous names such as Adolf Hölzel, Ludwig Dill and Arthur Langhammer. Carl Spitzweg and Lovis Corinth were among those who repeatedly came to Dachau hoping to capture the special quality of light of the Dachau fens in their open-air paintings.
Women in particular were discovering painting in great numbers and enrolling for training at the private painting schools of Dachau. Before 1926 women were barred from attending the State Academy in Munich. Their works can today be seen at the Gemäldegalerie Dachau, Dachau Paintings Gallery
The tradition of art continues today in Dachau and can be seen in the rich breadth of contemporary art and the wealth of art galleries around the town. The city of Dachau is an active member of theEuroArt the European Federation of Artists' Colonies.